Safety is at the core of all rail operations, within the framework of the future European rail traffic management system onboard satellite navigation solutions integrated with command and control systems, can provide information on the position and speed of trains. GNSS in rail sector is important now because the maturity of the augmentation system could match the safety requirements of railway world that is very highly demanding terms of safety.
To know where a train is at any given time, rail operators currently rely on hardware that’s installed as part of the railway infrastructure along the tracks. the mainstay of this hardware are the so-called Balleys, which are costly to install and maintain. EGNOS and Galileo can provide the reliability needed to replace a majority of these bodies with more cost-efficient onboard systems based on satellite positioning. with the satellite system we can reduce the installation of Balleys on the the track and so the cost of investment budget more all because the cost of the maintenance is reduced. also the use of satellite based positioning is mainly driven by end users especially to significantly reduce trackside infrastructure, by replacing the existing train detection technologies. the target applications are low density regional lines where the system can bring better safety and increase the lines capacity. in densely populated areas satellite based information provides an additional layer of information that comes at almost no cost because it is there and if you have the sensor you just can use it.
EGNOS and Galileo can also be used to improve fleet management, maintenance and scheduling. satellite positioning is now commonly used to make logistics more efficient, by tracking freight cars and improve planning especially for multimodal transport.
Passenger information systems on board trains show the real-time location of a train along its route, increasingly the precise location of a train is also supporting platform and online passenger information services. satellite positioning is increasingly seen as a standard source of positioning and timing information in these systems. EGNOS and Galileo are an important part of the solutions that can improve safety, increase efficiency and provide passenger information by delivering high precision with a low investment.