World have to produce more food with a limited amount of land due to an increase in global population. farmers are also faced with rising costs and a growing demand for traceability and reduced environmental impact. two of Europe’s flagship space programs EGNOS and Galileo help farmers meet these challenges. EGNOS the European geostationary navigation overlay service, uses geostationary satellites and a network of ground stations to increase the accuracy of existing satellite positioning signals. Galileo is Europe’s global satellite navigation system, that provides a highly accurate reliable global positioning service under civilian control but, how can EGNOS and Galileo make a difference?.
Variable Rate Application
EGNOS and Galileo can be used for variable rate technology or VRT, a key practice in precision farming, that delivers soil treatments in a site-specific manner. VRT relies on a combination of GNSS sensors, aerial images and other tools, to map the optimal agrochemical requirements. this saves money is good for the environment and increases efficiency. specialized small unmanned aerial vehicles are used to analyze crops and generate accurate yield maps. EGNOS is key to operating UAVs efficiently and safely these maps can also be based on or integrated with satellite imagery such as provided by Copernicus the European Earth observation program.
EGNOS and Galileo provide real-time accuracy for steering guidance and automated steering, enhancing efficiency and reducing driver fatigue. this allows farmers to operate for longer periods and concentrate better on the task at hand. EGNOS and Galileo can also play a key role in the extremely precise guidance systems used for mechanical weeding in organic farming.
EGNOS and Galileo increase innovative solutions like virtual fencing and cow fertility detection. collars are attached to individual animals to track their movements, they can eliminate the need for expensive fencing and time-consuming maintenance work and allow for more flexible use of pasture. these systems are actually tracking and monitoring the the animal and then a smart algorithms will detect the animals that need extra attention to create new possibilities for precision lives of farming.
EGNOS and Galileo can pinpoint the exact origin of agricultural products, allowing products to be authenticated, traced back to their point of origin something both consumers and food regulators are increasingly demanding.
Field Measurement and Boundary Mapping
EGNOS and Galileo enabled receivers are able to accurately calculate the area and perimeter of land parcels and map boundaries. they used for innovative applications such as geo tagging photos within Common Agricultural Policy in Europe. EGNOS signal is free as is the Galileo open service, there are no subscriptions to pay and there’s no hardware to install on the farm only an enabled device is needed. Galileo’s free of charge open service offers either single or multi frequency capabilities, that will further improve augmentation services and increase positioning reliability. the Galileo high accuracy service will provide free of charge decimeter level precision using precise point positioning corrections around the globe from space, enabling the development of precision farming applications without the need for ground network infrastructure. precision farming lowers costs contributes to the sustainability of Agriculture reduces its environmental footprint and enhances food safety.